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Hitzaldia: Europako itsasoa: mapa hazkunde ekonomikorako bideratzea




Zure erregistroa baimendutako moduetan edukia eskaintzeko eta zure ezagutza hobetzeko erabiltzen dugu. Harpidetza edozein unetan har dezakezu.

siimkallasBy Siim Kallas (Irudian)
Vice Europako Batzordeko presidente

EU Presidency Summit
Thessaloniki, 17 February 2014

Ministers, ladies and gentlemen,


It is a pleasure to be back in Greece. Thank you for inviting me to Thessaloniki today to speak at this EU Presidency summit.

Today’s theme fits in very well with my priorities as European Transport Commissioner. The overriding aim has been to make the most and best use of transport, which is fundamental to the wider European economy.

We’ve been doing our best to achieve that by building a single European transport area.


It has often been a bit like doing a jigsaw puzzle: fitting the right pieces in the right places to make a coherent whole. It’s also a long process – Europe is a big jigsaw, after all - and won’t be finished for some time.

We have already made a great deal of progress by setting the main changes in motion so that everyone in Europe will benefit: businesses and citizens.

I often say that transport plays an essential role in Europe’s ongoing economic recovery, because it underpins exports and competitiveness. It stimulates economic growth and helps to create employment.

Given that more than 70% of the goods exported or imported to the EU and from the rest of the world go by sea, this is especially true of shipping – where there are several challenges ahead: the need for new and cleaner fuels, for safe and efficient ships and high-performing ports, just to name a few.

We need a top-quality shipping sector that can compete internationally, based on world-class safety records with high social and environmental standards. It has to be properly linked with other forms of transport – like road and rail - within a truly European network.

Now, there is the chance to make a real difference: by building that network to shape Europe’s transport system for the next 10 to 20 years.

The revised policy for the Trans-European Transport Network, especially its concept of integrated transport corridors, will be the future of EU transport.

I would like to thank rapporteurs Koumoutsakos and Ertug for their significant contribution in steering this legislation through the European Parliament.

To make sure that the new TEN-T becomes a reality, it is backed up by hard cash. This is a real transport ‘first’: dedicated infrastructure financing, in the form of the Connecting Europe Facility.

Without this funding, I believe that many major cross-border transport links would simply not be started, let alone completed.

The policy focus has shifted from individual projects onto a core network of nine strategic corridors. They will join North and South, East and West and all corners of a vast geographical area – from Greece to Finland, from the shores of the Black Sea and Mediterranean to the Atlantic.

These corridors are the backbone of the new TEN-T and will improve its overall reliability and efficiency:

- They are the basis for integrating different forms of transport, ensuring technical compatibility and the co-ordinated development and management of infrastructure;

- they will allow investments and infrastructure work to be synchronized, and;

- they are the EU’s added value.

Greece has one corridor crossing its territory: the Orient/East-Med corridor, which connects the North, Baltic, Black and Mediterranean Seas. It starts and ends in ports, running from northern Europe and using the 'Motorways of the Sea' concept to develop a maritime link from Greece to Cyprus.

The European Commission has played its part to set aside funding in the budget. As with all the corridors, it is now up to Member States to work together and start building. The focus is to set project priorities to get the funding required.

Since the list of potential projects is long, they should think hard about priorities. Competition for CEF money will be tough – and it’s clear there won’t be enough resources to accommodate and finance every project.

In Greece’s case, CEF support is most likely to be focused on projects to improve rail infrastructure and road connections with neighbouring countries.

And of course, we cannot forget Greece’s ports, which have considerable importance for the single European transport area. There are five Greek ports in the new core network, including Thessaloniki and also Piraeus – which is also part of the Orient/East-Med corridor that I mentioned earlier.

CEF funds could help improve port infrastructure and surrounding links to road and rail systems, provide cleaner technologies and fuels, and develop local port connections to other EU and world ports via the Motorways of the Sea project.

Ladies and gentlemen: I cannot stress enough how vital ports are for the single European transport area. They are the entry and exit points for most of EU trade.

If ports don’t perform well, if rail access is poor, or if there are no smooth onward shipping links, there is a direct – a negative - impact on the cross-continent supply chain.

Our continent depends on ports that perform well. Europe not only needs to connect its ports better to road, rail and inland waterway systems, but also make sure that their capacity is used properly.

Our proposed review of EU ports policy is all about achieving these goals: by promoting a more open business environment and raising port performance across Europe.

It aims to guarantee equal conditions for competition – no matter how well each port performs – as well as legal certainty for all involved. This will help us to modernise port services, allowing access to the market in a transparent and non-discriminatory way, and attracting much-needed investment.

I am confident that our proposals will have the positive on effect of promoting competitive global and regional shipping, and making sure that European shipping stays a leader in the world maritime industry - with Greece at the top.

If Europe’s ports become more competitive, this will encourage more use of short sea shipping in all EU maritime regions. Given the EU’s geography, this is often a good alternative to using trucks to carry freight on many routes.

Today, around 37% of goods by volume that are unloaded in EU ports are brought by short sea shipping services, which are relatively clean and fuel-efficient compared with trucks, for example.

But there is a good deal of unused capacity, partly because operators are deterred by heavy red tape – especially customs. This is why we launched the Blue Belt concept, to reduce the costs and delays that can make maritime transport less attractive for moving goods within the EU internal market.


Raising efficiency goes hand-in-hand with the need to minimise environmental impacts and decarbonise our transport system. While shipping is one of the most carbon-efficient forms of transport, it still produces 3% of the world's total greenhouse gas emissions and 4% of total EU emissions.

This is why we have identified liquefied natural gas as a cleaner - and potentially cheaper - fuel for shipping. LNG is now firmly on the agenda for the entire European shipping community.

In Europe, we are investing significant amounts into research and development, especially in clean energy innovation, including LNG.

I am pleased to see much more funding for transport research and development in the Horizon 2020 programme, which has a focus on resource-efficient, seamless and competitive transport.

If we are to see more uptake of LNG, there has to be certainty about fuel supply. With the Clean Power for Transport initiative, I have proposed that all core network maritime ports have fuelling services for LNG by 2020, along with common standards for its use and supply.

However, I am concerned about attempts being made to delay this deadline by five - or even 10 – years, especially since 2020 will see low-sulphur fuels in force in all waters. Energy companies tell us that they see a business case. Investment is limited, the technology is available. Let’s get this done.

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions can also help to reduce Europe’s fuel bill – your fuel bill. But to do so, we need to measure shipping emissions better, which is why the Commission has proposed introducing a system to monitor, report and verify emissions from large ships.

We are taking two parallel approaches: an EU-level proposal that is now being discussed in Council and Parliament, and a submission to the IMO, coordinated with our international partners.

They are a first contribution towards building an international system for an energy-efficient shipping sector. This is a historic change: it brings the shipping industry together with EU and non-EU countries to tackle a truly global issue.


With the new TEN-T and Connecting Europe Facility, European transport now has the right strategies, policies and legal environment in place to face the challenges ahead.

And there are many: the fight against climate change, the need to reduce congestion, to modernise and integrate infrastructure.

These are just a few challenges in a long list.

Each transport sector, whether it be rail, road or maritime, will have to prepare for the future. I hope that I have given you a good description of what we are already doing to help European shipping, for example.

While all transport sectors have their specific issues to address, I believe that focusing on quality, innovation and sustainability will make sure that everyone comes out as winners. EU research funding will help that to happen.

After all, transport should be seen as investment in our future growth, for all Europeans – businesses and individuals.

It does not, and should not, stop at national borders.

That is what EU transport policy is all about.

Eskerrik asko zure arretagatik.


Batzordeak 500,000 € portugeseko programa onartu du Azoreetako bidaiarien garraioaren sektoreari laguntzeko koronabirusaren agerraldiaren testuinguruan



Europako Batzordeak 500,000 euroko Portugalgo eskema onartu du Azores eskualdeko bidaiarien garraioaren sektoreari laguntza gehiago emateko koronabirusaren agerraldiaren testuinguruan. Neurria Estatu Laguntzen arabera onartu zen Aldi baterako Esparrua. Batzordeak onartu zuen Azoreetako bidaiarien garraioaren sektoreari laguntzeko beste portugesen eskema bat jarraitzen du 4 June 2021 (SA.63010). Erregimen berriaren arabera, laguntzak zuzeneko dirulaguntzak izango dira. Neurria Azoreetan aktibo dauden tamaina guztietako bidaiarien garraio kolektiboko konpainiei irekita egongo da. Neurriaren xedea da enpresa horiek jasaten ari diren bat-bateko likidezia eskasia arintzea eta 2021ean zehar koronabirusaren agerraldia dela eta gobernuak birusaren hedapena mugatzeko ezarri behar izan zituen neurri murriztaileei aurre egitea.

Batzordeak Portugalgo eskema Aldi Baterako Esparruan zehaztutako baldintzekin bat dator. Bereziki, laguntzak (i) ez dira 1.8 milioi euro baino gehiago izango enpresa bakoitzeko; eta (ii) 31eko abenduaren 2021 baino lehen emango da. Batzordeak ondorioztatu du neurria beharrezkoa, egokia eta proportzionala dela estatu kide bateko ekonomiaren asaldura larria konpontzeko, 107. artikuluaren 3. paragrafoko b) letrarekin bat etorriz. TFUE eta Aldi Baterako Esparruaren baldintzak. Hori oinarri hartuta, Batzordeak EBko estatu laguntzen arauen arabera onartu zuen neurria. Aldi baterako Esparruari eta Batzordeak coronavirus pandemiaren eragin ekonomikoari aurre egiteko burututako bestelako ekintzei buruzko informazio gehiago aurki daiteke. hemen. Erabakiaren isilpeko bertsioa SA.64599 kasu zenbakian erabilgarri egongo da estatuko laguntza erregistratu Batzordean lehiaketaren webgunean konfidentzialtasun gaiak edozein konpondu dira behin.


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Ekonomia Lankidetza eta Garapenerako Erakundeak (ELGE)

EBk ELGAko beste herrialde batzuekin lankidetzan aritzen da ikatza erregaiaren proiektuetarako esportazio kredituen debekua proposatzeko



Ekonomia Lankidetzarako eta Garapenerako Erakundeak (ELGA) herrialdeek ezohiko bilera egiten dute gaur (irailak 15) eta osteguna (irailak 16), ikatz bidezko nazioarteko energia sortzeko proiektuetarako esportazio kredituen debekuari buruz eztabaidatzeko, neurri konpentsaziorik gabe. Eztabaidak hil honen hasieran EBk eta beste herrialde batzuek (Kanada, Koreako Errepublika, Norvegia, Suitza, Erresuma Batua eta AEB) aurkeztutako proposamen bat izango dute ardatz. Proposamenak ekonomia globalaren ekologizazioa onartzen du eta esportazio kreditu agentzien jarduerak Parisko Akordioaren helburuekin bateratzeko urrats garrantzitsua da.

Esportazio kredituak nazioarteko merkataritza sustatzeko zati garrantzitsua dira. ELGAk Ofizialki Onartutako Esportazio Kredituen gaineko Akordioan parte hartu zuenez, EBk eginkizun nagusia betetzen du nazioarteko mailan berdintasuna bermatzeko eta klima aldaketaren aurkako helburu komunaren koherentzia bermatzeko ahaleginetan. EBk konpromisoa hartu du ikatza esportatzeko kredituetarako laguntzak amaitzeko neurriak konpentsatu gabe, eta, aldi berean, nazioarte mailan trantsizio justua lortzeko konpromisoa hartu du.

2021eko urtarrilean, Europar Batasuneko Kontseiluak erregai fosilen ingurumenari kalte egiten dien dirulaguntzak behin betiko kentzea eskatu zuen ordutegi argi batean eta mundu osoko eraldaketa irmo eta justua lortzeko. klimaren neutraltasunerantz, energia ekoizteko neurri konpentsatzailerik gabeko ikatza pixkanaka desagertzea barne eta, lehen urrats gisa, hirugarren herrialdeetako ikatz azpiegitura berrientzako finantzaketa guztiak berehala amaitzea. 2021eko otsaileko Merkataritza Politiken Berrikuspenean, Europako Batzordeak konpromisoa hartu zuen ikatz bidezko elektrizitate sektoreko esportazio kredituak berehala amaitzeko proposamena.


Aurtengo ekainean, G7ko kideek ere aitortu zuten murriztapenik gabeko ikatz bidezko elektrizitate sorkuntzan mundu mailako inbertsioak etengabea zela berotze globala 1.5 ° C-ra mugatzeko helburuarekin eta konpromisoa hartu zuten ikatz bidezko energia sortzeko sorkuntzarako zuzeneko gobernu laguntza berriarekin amaitzeko. nazioartean 2021 amaieran, gobernuaren finantzaketaren bidez ere bai.

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Astea aurretik: bizi garen egoera



Aste honetako lan garrantzitsuena von der Leyen Europako Batzordeko presidenteak "EBko Estatua" (SOTEU) Europako Parlamentuan Estrasburgon egingo duen hitzaldia izango da. AEBetako mailegu bat da, Estatu Batuetako presidentea urte bakoitzaren hasieran Kongresuari zuzentzen zaionean hurrengo urterako bere planak (eta orain arte beti izan da). 

Beti harritzen nau estatubatuarrak bere buruarekiko konfiantzak eta ia suntsiezinak diren usteak Amerika lurreko naziorik handiena dela. Oso ona zarela pentsatzeak gogo-egoera atsegina izan behar du, uneotan AEBetako egoera latzak gaur egun hainbeste mailatan duen egoera latzak pentsarazten dit europarrek beren zortzian ematen duten begi kritikoegia ikuspegi osasuntsuagoa izan daitekeela. Hala ere, batzuetan polita izango litzateke EBko alde onak aitortu eta "europar eta harroago" egongo bagina.

Zaila da SOTEUk EBko jardueretan gehien arduratzen direnetatik kanpo duen interesa zein den jakitea. Oro har, europarrek, jainkoenen talde txiki bat izan ezik, ez dute joaten EB nola loratzen den jakiteko edo, oro har, bere norabidearekiko gogoz. Kontrafaktualaren inguruan gogoeta egin genezakeen arren, Erresuma Batuak EBko herritar guztiei eman die "zer bada?" 


Mundua non dagoen ikusita, EBk gehiengoa baino egoera osasuntsuagoan dagoela dirudi. Horrek aurten ere esanahi literala du, ziurrenik lurreko txertorik handiena duen kontinentea gara, gure ekonomia turbo kargatzeko asmo handiko plana dago. bere pandemia-beherakada eta kontinenteak kokotsa atera du eta klima-aldaketari aurre egiteko mundua ezer baino ez egitea erabaki du. Pertsonalki itxaropen handia sentitzen dut, nahikoa dela kolektiboki nahikoa erabaki dugula iruditzen zaigunez, balio demokratikoen eta zuzenbide estatuaren alde egin nahi duten EBko kideekin nahikoa da. 

Hainbat proposamen etorriko dira Batzordetik aste honetan: Vestagerrek "Europako Hamarkada Digitala" plana aurkeztuko du; Borrellek EBko Indo-Pazifikoko eskualdearekin loturak egiteko planak zehaztuko ditu; Jourovak EBk kazetariak babesteko duen plana azalduko du; eta Schinas-ek EBko osasun larrialdiei erantzuteko eta prestatzeko paketea aurkeztuko du. 

Parlamentuko osoko bilkura da, noski. SOTEU ez ezik, Afganistango egoera humanitarioa eta EBk talibanen gobernuarekin dituzten harremanak eztabaidatuko dira; komunikabideen askatasuna eta zuzenbide estatua Polonian, Europako Osasun Batasuna, kualifikazio handiko migratzaileentzako EBko Txartel Urdina eta LGBTIQ eskubideak eztabaidagai daude.


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