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Aldaketa klimatikoa

Hegoaldeko Europak klima-aldaketak bultzatutako uda lehorteari aurre egiteko prest dago

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Hegoaldeko Europa eguraldi lehor eta gogorrez betetako udarako prest dago. Eskualde batzuk ur eskasia jasaten ari dira jada, eta nekazariek urteetako etekin baxuena espero dute.

Klima-aldaketak eskualdea berotzen ari da, eta urteetako lehorteek lurpeko uren erreserbak agortu dituzte. Espainian, Frantziako hegoaldean eta Italian, lurzoruak hezur lehorrak dira. Ibaiaren eta urtegien maila baxua mehatxatzen ari dira uda honetan hidroelektriko ekoizpena.

Zientzialariek ohartarazi dute Europak beste uda basati bat biziko duela tenperaturak gora egin ahala. Iaz, Europak bizi izan zuen erregistroko beroenaEuropar Batasuneko zientzialariek esan zuten lehorte bat bultzatu zuena okerragoa behintzat 500 urte.

Espainia izan da aurten krisiak kaltetuena.

Jorge Olcina is a professor of geography at the University of Alicante in Spain. He said that “the situation of drought will worsen this summer”.

At this stage, there’s also little chance that rain will resolve the drought. Olcina explained that at this time of year, “the only thing we could have is localized storms which would not solve the deficit in rainfall”.

In a letter to the European Commission on April 24, Spain’s agriculture minister Luis Planas requested emergency EU assistance. He warned that “the consequences of this drought are so severe that they cannot be addressed with national funds alone”.

KLIMA ALDAKETAREN JOERA

Southern Europe isn’t the only region that has been hit by severe water shortages in this year. The Horn of Africa has experienced its hamarkadetako lehorte larriena. Meanwhile, a historic drought hit Argentina’s soy and corn crop.

iragarki

Zientzialariek aurreikusi dute klima aldaketak lehorte maizago eta larriagoak eragingo dituela Mediterraneoko eskualdean, orain tenperatura duela 1.5 urte baino 150 C beroagoa baita.

Hayley Fowler is a Professor of Climate Change Impacts, Newcastle University. She said, “In terms the climate change signals, it fits very well with what we expect.”

Aspaldiko iragarpen hauen prestaketa atzeratuta dago oraindik. Nekazaritza-eremu askok oraindik ez dute ura aurrezteko teknikarik hartu, doitasunez ureztatzea, edo lehortearekiko erresistenteak diren laboreetara aldatu, hala nola ekiloreak.

According to the government website Propluvia, France has experienced its driest Winter since 1959. Drought “crisis alerts” have already been activated in four prefectures, restricting water withdrawals for non-priority uses, including agriculture.

Portugal ere bat bizi du agerpen goiztiarra of the drought. About 90% of Portugal’s mainland is experiencing drought. A severe drought affects one-fifth, which is five times more than the area reported just a year ago.

Espainian, non prezipitazioak batez bestekoaren erdia baino gutxiago izan baitziren aurtengo apirilean, milaka dira kamioiak edateko ura emateko. Katalunia bezalako eskualdeek ur-murrizketak ezarri dituzte.

Nekazari taldeek jakinarazi dutenez, nekazari batzuek jada %80rainoko laboreen galerak izan dituzte. Zerealak eta olio-haziak izan ziren kaltetutako laboreen artean.

Pekka Pesonen of the European farming association Copa-Cogeca said that Spain had suffered the worst harvest loss in decades. “It is worse than last year.”

According to the Commission, Spain produces half the EU’s olives and a third of its fruits.

Joan den astean, hala izan zen esleitu more than €2 billion for emergency response funding. The Commission has not yet responded to its request that €450 million be taken from the EU’s budget for farming subsidies.

Batzordeak esan zuen egoera gertutik jarraitzen duela.

“The severe drought in Southern Europe, is especially worrying. Not only for the farmers but also because it can drive up the already high prices of consumers if EU production is substantially lower,” said Miriam Garcia Ferrer, spokesperson for the Commission.

Espero da antzeko borrokak biziko direla Italian, non nekazaritzarako erabiltzen den ura %80 arte. Nekazari italiarrek aurten landaketak murrizteko asmoa dute, mendietan elur estaldura mehea eta lurzoruaren hezetasun baxua direla eta.

Luca Brocca is the director of Research for Italy’s National Research Council. He said that after two years of drought, northern Italy had a 70% deficit of snow water and a 40% deficiency of soil moisture.

Gabezia sakon hauek iazko uda errepikatzea ekar dezakete, Italiak bizi izan zuenean lehorterik larriena 70 urtez.

“2022 was truly exceptional,” said Brocca, adding: “This year also seems to be exceptional.”

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EU Reporter-ek kanpoko iturri ezberdinetako artikuluak argitaratzen ditu, ikuspuntu ugari adierazten dituztenak. Artikulu hauetan hartutako jarrerak ez dira nahitaez EU Reporterenak izan.

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