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Lehiakortasuna Kontseilua: 20-21 otsailaren 2014




Zure erregistroa baimendutako moduetan edukia eskaintzeko eta zure ezagutza hobetzeko erabiltzen dugu. Harpidetza edozein unetan har dezakezu.

550The first Competitiveness Council under the mandate of the Greek EU Presidency will take place in Brussels on 20-21 February 2014.

On 20 February, Development, Competitiveness, Infrastructure, Transport and Networks Minister Kostas Hatzidakis will chair the Council for the industry and internal market points. The European Commission will be represented by Vice President Antonio Tajani, commissioner for industry and entrepreneurship; Vice President Joaquín Almunia, commissioner for competition; Commissioner Michel Barnier, responsible for internal market and Sservices and Commissioner Tonio Borg, responsible for health.

On 21 February Christos Vasilakos, secretary general for research and technology at the Ministry for Education and Research, will chair the Council for the research and space points. The European Commission will be represented by Vice President Antonio Tajani and Commissioner Máire Geoghegan-Quinn, responsible for research and innovation.


Thursday, 20 February


Industrial Competitiveness


On 20 February, the Competitiveness Council will kick off the political debate on EU industrial competitiveness in the run-up to the March 2014 European Council on industrial competitiveness. The latter will provide a unique opportunity to strengthen Europe’s industrial competitiveness by mobilising actors to implement concrete measures across the economy to deliver industrial change. High-level political support is needed to facilitate the implementation of industrial policy and structural reforms, both at EU and at national and regional levels.

Vice President Tajani will present four recently adopted Commission Communications. Firstly, he will describe the Communication 'For a European industrial renaissance' (IP / 14 / 42 MEMO / 14 / 37) in which the Commission has set out its key priorities for industrial policy, providing an overview of actions already undertaken, and put forward a limited number of new actions to speed up the attainment of its overarching objective: raising the contribution of industry to GDP to as much as 20% by 2020. Secondly, he will highlight the main conclusions of the Communication 'A vision for the internal market for industrial products': internal market legislation for products is not only a key factor for the competitiveness of European industry but also for consumer and environmental protection.

However, it also emphasizes that efforts to strengthen enforcement mechanisms need to be stepped up. Thirdly, he will discuss industry challenges linked to the high prices of energy as underlined in the Communication on 'Energy prices and costs in Europe'. Finally, Vice President Tajani will present 'A policy framework for climate and energy in the period from 2020 to 2030', which represents a new step on the EU’s path to achieve by 2050 a competitive, low carbon economy. In order to ensure the environmental integrity of our energy and climate policy - while maintaining in Europe a vivid and flourishing industry along the entire industrial value chain - the Commission proposed to maintain its measures against carbon leakage.

Informazio gehiago lortzeko, klikatu hemen, hemen, hemen hemen.

9th ministerial meeting of the Union for the Mediterranean on Euro-Mediterranean industrial co-operation (Brussels, 19 February 2014)

Vice President Tajani will inform Ministers about the outcome of the 9th ministerial meeting of the Union for the Mediterranean on industrial co-operation, which will take place on the eve of the Competitiveness Council meeting. He will co-chair the meeting with the Minister for Industry & Trade of the Kingdom of Jordan, Hatem Hafez Al-Halawani Al-Tamimi. In addition to the 44 partners of the Union for the Mediterranean, a number of international and national professional associations are expected to participate. A declaration on Euro-Mediterranean industrial cooperation and the related 2014-2015 work programme are expected to be adopted by Ministers (MEMO / 14 / 115).

Informazio gehiago

European Tourism Quality Principles and a European Strategy for Coastal and Maritime Tourism

On the date of their adoption, Vice President Tajani will inform the Council about two important Commission initiatives aimed at strengthening the competitiveness of European Tourism: a Proposal for a Council Recommendation on European Tourism Quality Principles and Communication on a European Strategy for Coastal and Maritime Tourism. The recommended principles will provide manifold advantages for the tourism industry, the member states and citizens alike. The new strategy for coastal and maritime tourism represents a significant step towards strengthening Europe’s position as the world’s n° 1 tourist destination, addressing aspects such as gaps in data collection, high seasonality, product and tourism offer diversification, innovation, connectivity and accessibility of islands and remote coastal areas, skills development and protection of the marine environment.

Informazio gehiago

Hybrid nutrition labelling system

The launch in June 2013 of a voluntary colour coded labelling recommendation in the UK triggered vivid reactions from various EU economic operators. Italy requested discussion of this point during the Competiveness Council – as it already did last year in the Agriculture and Health Council - to inform Ministers about the alleged discriminatory and negative effect of the "traffic light" nutrition labelling system recommended in the UK, and to call on the Commission to thoroughly assess the conformity of the system with the EU law and its impact on the internal market.


Update on State aid modernization

The European Commission launched in May 2012 State Aid Modernisation (SAM) (IP / 12 / 458), an ambitious reform package for State aid policy with three objectives: facilitating well-designed aid targeted at market failures and objectives of common European interest; focusing enforcement on cases with the biggest impact on the internal market; streamlining rules and taking faster decisions.

SAM implementation is now well advanced. Last year, the Council adopted the new Procedural regulation, which improves the efficiency and effectiveness of State aid control, and the revised Enabling regulation, which introduces new categories of aid that the Commission may decide to exempt from the obligation of prior notification.

The Commission has already adopted a number of revised rules, including the new Regional Aid Guidelines, to support the development of disadvantaged regions in Europe between 2014 and 2020, the new 'De minimis' regulation, which exempts aid amounts of up to €200 000 per undertaking over a three year period and now also includes companies in financial difficulty, the new Risk Finance guidelines, allowing member states to facilitate access to finance by SMEs and companies with a medium capitalization (so-called midcaps) and, very recently, the new guidelines for the aviation sector.

The Commission has also recently consulted on several draft rules, which are expected to be adopted in the coming weeks, including the new and expanded General Block Exemption Regulation, the new framework on State aid for Research, Development and Innovation, and the new guidelines for aid in the fields of energy and environment.

Vice-President Almunia will present to the Council the state of play of the SAM initiative and discuss how to ensure effective implementation of the new rules.

More information on state aid modernization is eskuragarri hemen.


Contribution to the European Semester and upcoming European Council meetings

The Competitiveness Council will hold a policy debate ahead of the discussion on the European Semester at the upcoming Spring European Council on 20-21 March 2014. The debate will be based on the Annual Growth Survey 2014 and the annual report on the Single Market integration published on 13 November 2013 (IP / 13 / 1064).

The debate will focus on the priorities identified in the Annual Growth Survey to promote growth and competitiveness, in particular improving the functioning and flexibility of product and services markets. This includes measures identified in the annual report on the Single Market integration, such as the implementation of the Services Directive, including as regards professional services.

Commissioner Barnier will call on member states to pursue reforms for competitiveness which support the recovery that is underway. This is also needed in order to address the biggest problem Europe is still facing: unemployment, especially youth unemployment. Commissioner Barnier will also present proposals on how to ensure together with member states well-functioning services markets, including a more ambitious implementation of the Services Directive.

Informazio gehiago

E-invoicing in public procurement

On 24 January 2014, the European Parliament and the Council reached agreement in trilogue on a draft directive on e-invoicing in public procurement (MEMO / 14 / 59).

E-invoicing is an important step towards paperless public administration (e-government) in Europe – one of the priorities of the Digital Agenda - and offers the potential for significant economic as well as environmental benefits. The Commission estimates that the adoption of e-invoicing in public procurement across the EU could generate savings of up to €2.3 billion.

The Council is expected to take note of the latest developments and make general policy comments (the formal vote will take place once the Parliament has voted in plenary, expected in March/April).

Informazio gehiago

Statute for a European Foundation

On 8 February 2012, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a European Foundation Statute to make it easier for foundations to support public benefit causes across the EU (IP / 12 / 112).

The aim of the proposal is to create a single European legal form - the ‘European Foundation’ (FE) – which would be fundamentally the same in all member states. It would exist in parallel with domestic foundation forms. Acquiring the status of a European Foundation would be subject to a number of requirements (e.g. public benefit purpose, cross-border dimension, minimum assets) and would be entirely voluntary. The European Foundation Statute was announced in the 2011 Single Market Act (IP / 11 / 469). The Single Market Act underlined the contribution of foundations to the financing of innovative initiatives in the public interest and called for action to overcome the difficulties foundations face when operating across the EU.

The Council is expected to discuss the progress achieved so far and the plans for work on this proposal under the Greek Presidency. Commissioner Barnier will underline how the Statute could facilitate the cross-border activities of foundations and the foundation sector’s strong support for this initiative. He will call on member states to actively look for solutions to the remaining issues and to reach a compromise on the Statute as soon as possible.

Informazio gehiago

Friday, 21 February


European Research Area

Ministers are expected to discuss and adopt conclusions on the European Commission's first European Research Area (ERA) Progress Report, presented last September (IP / 13 / 851). EU Heads of State and Government have called for the completion of the ERA by 2014 and underlined the need in this context for accelerating the reform of national research systems. Member states are expected to signal that legislation to address remaining obstacles to ERA is something that should be used only when there is a clear need. They are also expected to invite member states to set out the objectives of ERA in a roadmap to guide national policy developments. Commissioner Geoghegan-Quinn will recall the deadline set by the European Council and say the Commission will decide on the most appropriate way forward following the presentation of the next ERA Progress Report in the autumn.

Innovation Investment Package

Research ministers will review the state of play in negotiations with the European Parliament on the Innovation Investment Package (IIP). The IIP, presented by the Commission on 10 July 2013 (IP / 13 / 668), proposes establishing four public-public partnerships with member states (based on Article 185 TFEU) and five public-private partnerships (based on Article 187 TFEU) with the aim of leveraging some €22 billion in research and innovation investment by 2020. The package also proposes to extend an initiative to pool research and innovation investments in Air Traffic Management (SESAR), in support of the Single European Sky (IP / 13 / 664). The Council adopted its General Approach on the package last December. Parliament's ITRE committee gave its view on the package in January. Trilogue talks are taking place with the aim of reaching a possible first reading agreement before May's European Parliament elections.

The four public-public partnerships (Art 185s) are proposed in the areas of new treatments against poverty-related diseases, measurement technologies for industrial competitiveness, support for high tech SMEs and solutions for the elderly and disabled to live safely in their homes. According to the Commission's proposal, they would be supported with €1.5bn from the Horizon 2020 budget and participating states would commit €2 bn.

The five public-private partnerships (Art 187s) are proposed in the areas of innovative medicines, aeronautics, bio-based industries, fuel cells and hydrogen, and electronics. For the five programmes in total, a proposed €6.4bn investment from Horizon 2020 would secure almost €10bn from industry and €1.2bn from the member states. These research partnerships will boost the competitiveness of EU industry in sectors that already provide more than 4 million jobs. They will also find solutions to major challenges for society that are not being solved quickly enough by the market alone.


Relations between European Union and European Space Agency (ESA)

The Ministerial lunch will be dedicated to exchanging views on the relations between the European Union and the European Space Agency. Vice-President Tajani and Director-General of ESA Jean-Jacques Dordain will discuss different options with the Ministers. The discussion on EU-ESA relations will continue during the afternoon session dedicated to space in which Vice-President Tajani will present the "Progress Report on EU-ESA relations" which outlines the status of the Commission's reflections on the future of relations with ESA. Vice-President Tajani will emphasise the importance of these relations for the implementation of the EU flagship space programmes, Galileo and Copernicus. The report, which is a follow-up to the Commission Communication of 14 November 2012, presents a further step in the Commission’s analysis of the need for improvements in the current set-up of EU-ESA relations. It contains a preliminary assessment of several scenarios for evolution, among which an improvement in the current set-up through a revision of the existing 2004 EU/ESA framework agreement, the creation of an EU pillar of ESA, or transforming ESA into an EU agency. Ministers will exchange views on the possible scenarios and provide political guidance on the next steps in order to move this discussion forward.

Informazio gehiago

International space exploration forum (Washington DC, 9-10 January 2014)

Vice-President Tajani will inform ministers about the positive results of the International Space Exploration Forum meeting which took place on 9 January 2014 in Washington D.C. He will stress the importance of building public support for space exploration by demonstrating how investing in space benefits humankind, prepares our future in science and technology, and boosts innovation, leading to growth. The Forum is a follow-up to the process initiated in Europe with a cycle of high-level conferences of Prague (2009), Brussels (2010) and Lucca (2011). The Commission will continue its involvement in high-level political discussions on space exploration and will help, with the United States, Japan to prepare the next space exploration forum to be held in 2016 or 2017.

A Space Surveillance and Tracking Support Framework

The presidency will inform the Competitiveness Council about the agreement reached with the European Parliament on the decision establishing a Space Surveillance and Tracking (SST) Support Framework. Vice-President Tajani will congratulate the Greek Presidency on achieving an agreement in a very short period of time so that it can be adopted before the end of this legislative period. He will emphasise that this is an important milestone in the creation of a capability for the monitoring and surveillance of space infrastructure and space debris at European level.

Informazio gehiago

IP / 13 / 172
MEMO / 13 / 149


Lehia: Batzordeak merkatua definitzeko oharraren ebaluazioaren ondorioak argitaratzen ditu



Europako Batzordeak argitaratu du Langileek lan dokumentuan EBko lehia legerian erabilitako Merkatuaren Definizio Oharraren ebaluazioaren ondorioak laburbiltzen dituena.

Ebaluazioaren xedea Batzordeak Merkatuaren Definizio Oharraren funtzionamenduaren ebaluazioan laguntzea zen, Jakinarazpena indargabetzea, aldatu gabe uztea edo berrikustea erabakitzeko.

Lehiaketa politikaz arduratzen den Margrethe Vestager presidenteorde exekutiboak honakoa esan du: "Merkatua eta enpresek lehiatzen duten merkatuaren mugak aztertu behar ditugu. Testuinguru horretan oso erabilgarria da Merkatuaren Definizio Oharra. Ebaluazioak baieztatu du interesdunei argitasuna eta gardentasuna ematen diela merkatuaren definizioari nola heldu diogun. EBko auzitegien jurisprudentzian oinarritutako Merkatuaren Definizio Oharraren oinarrizko printzipioak sendoak dira egun. Aldi berean, ebaluazioak adierazten du Iragarkiak ez dituela erabat estaltzen merkatuak definitzeko praktikan izandako azken bilakaerak, ekonomiaren digitalizazioarekin lotutakoak barne. Orain aztertuko dugu oharra nola eta nola berrikusi behar den identifikatu ditugun arazoei aurre egiteko ".


Batzordeak Merkatuaren Definizio Oharraren ebaluazioa abiarazi zuen 2020ko martxoan. Ebaluazioan zehar, Batzordeak ebidentziak bildu zituen Oharra 1997an onartu zenetik zer nolako funtzionamendua izan zuen jakiteko. Bildutako frogek, besteak beste, interesdunen ekarpenak biltzen dituzte. Kontsulta publikoak artean gertatu zen June eta 2020ko urria. Horrez gain, Batzordea EBko lehia nazionaleko agintariei kontsultatu zien eta proaktiboki parte hartzen duten talde interesdunetako adituekin eta ordezkariekin. Azkenean, Batzordeak kanpoko ebaluazioa eskatu zuen laguntza azterketa, beste jurisdikzio batzuetako praktika garrantzitsuak berrikusi zituen, baita literatura juridikoa eta ekonomikoa ere, merkatuaren definizioaren lau alderdi zehatzekin lotuta: (i) digitalizazioa, (ii) berrikuntza, (iii) merkatu geografikoaren definizioa eta (iv) teknika kuantitatiboak.

Ebaluazioaren ondorioak

Ebaluazioak erakutsi du Merkatuaren Definizio Oharrak berebiziko garrantzia izaten jarraitzen duela, izan ere, argitasuna eta gardentasuna ematen die enpresei eta gainerako eragileei Batzordeak merkatua definitzeko duen ikuspegiari buruz - Batzordearen ebaluazioaren lehen urrats garrantzitsua monopolioaren eta bat egitearen aurkako kasu askotan.


Ebaluazioaren emaitzek adierazten dute merkatua definitzeko oharra eraginkorra dela orientazio zuzena, integrala eta argia emateko merkatuaren definizioaren funtsezko gaiei eta Batzordeak horri buruz duen ikuspegiari buruz.

Aldi berean, ebaluazioak iradokitzen du Iragarkiak ez dituela erabat islatzen 1997az geroztik merkatuaren definizioan izandako jardunbide egokien garapenak, EBko jurisprudentziaren azken garapenak barne. Adibidez, Batzordeak merkatuaren definizioarekiko duen ikuspegia finkatu du gaur egungo merkatuaren baldintzekin bat etorriz, gaur egun gero eta digitalagoak eta elkarreraginagoak baitira, eta eskuragarri dauden tresnen sofistikazioarekin, hala nola, dokumentu kopuru handien prozesamendua hobetzea edo teknika kuantitatibo finduak. Gainera, Iragarkia onartu zenetik, Batzordeak esperientzia gehiago bildu du Europako Esparru Ekonomikoa baino potentzialki globalak edo gutxienez zabalagoak diren merkatuak aztertzen.

 Ebaluazioaren arabera, Merkatuaren Definizio Oharra erabat eguneratuta ez dagoen arloetan honako hauek daude: (i) SSNIParen erabilera eta xedea (prezioaren igoera esanguratsua ez den trantsizio txikia) proba merkatu garrantzitsuak definitzerakoan; (ii) merkatu digitalak, batez ere zero diru prezioan merkaturatutako produktu edo zerbitzuei eta "ekosistema" digitalei dagokienez; (iii) merkatu geografikoen ebaluazioa globalizazio eta inportazio lehiaketa baldintzetan; (iv) teknika kuantitatiboak; (v) merkatu kuoten kalkulua; eta (vi) prezio gabeko lehia (berrikuntza barne).

Batzordeak hausnarketa egingo du ebaluazioaren testuinguruan identifikatutako gaiei aurre egiteko moduari eta beharrari buruz.


Merkatuaren definizioa enpresen arteko lehiaren mugak identifikatzeko tresna da. Dagokion produktuaren eta merkatu geografikoa zehaztearen helburua da interesdun enpresen merkataritza erabakiak mugatzen dituzten lehiakide errealak identifikatzea, hala nola haien prezioei buruzko erabakiak. Ikuspegi horretatik merkatuaren definizioari esker, besteak beste, informazio esanguratsua ematen duten merkatu kuotak kalkulatu daitezke merkatuaren potentzia ebaluatzeko helburuarekin bat egitearen edo monopolioaren aurkako prozeduren testuinguruan.

Merkatuaren definizioek merkatuaren errealitatea islatzen dute. Hori dela eta, sektore desberdinak dira eta denboran zehar eboluziona dezakete. Merkatuaren definizio geografikoak, adibidez, merkatu nazional edo lokaletatik (esaterako, kontsumo-ondasunen txikizkako salmentarako) eta mundu osoko merkatuetara joan daitezke, hala nola, hegazkinaren osagaiak saltzeko. Merkatuaren errealitateak denboran zehar eboluzionatu ahala, Batzordearen merkatuaren definizioak ere denboran zehar eboluzionatzen dira.

The Merkatuaren Definizio Oharra gidalerroak eskaintzen ditu Batzordeak produktu garrantzitsuen eta merkatu geografikoaren kontzeptua EBko lehia-legea betearazteko aplikatzen duen moduari eta printzipioei buruz.

Informazio gehiago

Ikusi DG Lehiaketaren webgune dedikatua, bertan jasotzen dira ebaluazioaren testuinguruan aurkeztutako eragileen ekarpen guztiak, kontsulta jarduera desberdinen laburpenak eta ebaluazio laguntza azterketaren azken txostena.

Jarraitu irakurtzen


Auto konpainiek 875 milioi euroko isuna jarri zuten NOx kentzeko teknologien aurkako kolusioagatik



Europako Batzordeak aurkitu du Daimlerrek, BMWk eta Volkswagen taldeak (Volkswagen, Audi eta Porsche) EBren lehiaren aurkako arauak urratu dituztela NOx garbiketaren arloan garapen teknikoarekin bat eginez. 

Batzordeak 875 milioi euroko isuna ezarri du. Daimlerri ez zioten isunik jarri, kartelaren existentzia agerian utzi baitzuen Batzordeari. Alderdi guztiek onartu zuten kartelean parte hartu zutela eta kasua ebaztea adostu zuten.

Margrethe Vestager Batzordeko presidenteorde exekutiboak, lehia politikaz arduratzen denak, esan zuen: "Daimler, BMW, Volkswagen, Audi eta Porsche autoen bost fabrikatzaileek isurketa kaltegarriak murrizteko teknologia zuten [baina] teknologia honen potentzial osoa aprobetxatzeko lehiatzea saihestu zuten. . Autoek kutsadura kudeatzeko lehia eta berrikuntza ezinbestekoak dira Europak gure Green Deal helburu handiak lortzeko ". 


Autoen fabrikatzaileek aldian behingo bilera teknikoak egin zituzten, murrizketa katalitiko selektiboaren (SCR) teknologiaren garapena eztabaidatzeko, nitrogeno oxido kaltegarriak (NOx) ezabatzen dituena, diesel bidaiarien autoetatik urea injekzioaren bidez ("AdBlue" ere deitua) ihesean gas korrontea. Bost urte baino gehiago daramatzate (2009 - 2014), autoen fabrikatzaileek teknologia berri hau erabiliz lehia saihesteko.

Kartelen debekuaren lehen erabakia da garapen teknikoaren murrizketan oinarrituta eta ez prezioak finkatzean, merkatuan banatzean edo bezeroen esleipenean oinarrituta.

Txalaparta tresna


Batzordeak tresna bat sortu du norbanakoek lehiakortasunaren aurkako jokabideez ohartarazteko erraztasunak izan ditzaten, anonimotasuna mantenduz. Tresnak txistukarien anonimotasuna babesten du, noranzko biko komunikazioak ahalbidetzen dituen enkriptatutako mezularitza sistema baten bidez. Tresna honen bidez eskuragarria da link.

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Lehiaketa: Europako Batzordeak Lehiaren Politikari buruzko 2020 Txostena argitaratu du



Europako Batzordeak 2020rako Lehiaren Politikari buruzko Txostena argitaratu du, iaz egindako politika eta legegintzako ekimen nagusiak aurkeztuta, baita hartutako erabakien aukeraketa ere. 2020an, EBko lehia politikak nabarmen lagundu zuen Batzordeak koronabirusaren agerraldiari erantzuteko ahaleginak egiten, bai osasun larrialdiari dagokionez, bai herritarren bizimoduan duen eraginari dagokionez. Estatuaren laguntza Aldi baterako Esparrua, krisiaren hasieran onartutakoari esker, estatu kideek Estatuaren laguntzei buruzko arauetan aurreikusitako malgutasun osoa erabil dezakete ekonomia laguntzeko koronabirus pandemiaren testuinguruan. Antimonopolioaren arloan, Batzordeak a argitaratu zuen komunikazioa orientazioa ematea koronabirusarekin lotutako produktu eta zerbitzuen funtsezko hornidura-gabeziei aurre egiteko helburuarekin proiektuak lankidetzan ari direnei, hala nola sendagaiak eta ekipamendu medikoa.

Gainera, lan baldintzak aldatuta ekarritako erronkak gorabehera, 2020an Batzordeak hainbat erabaki hartu zituen arlo horretan, horien artean hiru kartel erabaki eta monopolioaren aurkako 5. An ere abian jarri du monopolioaren aurkako kontsulta Gauzen Interneteko sektorean (IoT) kontsumitzaileekin lotutako produktuak eta zerbitzuak EBn. Fusioen kontrolaren arloan ere, Batzordeak 350 bat erabaki baino gehiago hartu zituen eta 18 kasutan esku hartu zuen (tartean, lehenengo fasean hartutako konpromisoen arabera baimendutako 13 fusio eta bigarren fasearen ondoren beste 3 konponbideekin konpondu ziren). Batzordeak proposamen bat ere onartu zuen Merkatu Digitalen Legea merkatu bakarrerako "atezain" digital gisa jokatzen duten plataformek zenbait portaeratik sortutako ondorio negatiboak zuzentzea eta argitaratutako a Zuria, kanpoko diru-laguntzek barne merkatuan dituzten distortsio efektuei hobeto aurre egiteko tresnak eta politikak garatzea. Txostenaren testu osoa (EN, FR eta DE eta beste hizkuntza batzuetan eskuragarri) eta horrekin batera datorren langileen lan dokumentua (EN eskuragarri) eskuragarri daude hemen.


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